Occupancy Characteristics

Inadequate or Deficient Housing Units

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara MSA, San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward MSA, and California | 2017/2019

Data Source:

United States Census Bureau, American Housing Survey


Silicon Valley Institute for Regional Studies

Data are from the 2017 (Silicon Valley) and 2019 (San Francisco and California) American Housing Survey, from the United States Census Bureau. Silicon Valley and San Francisco data are by MSA. Silicon Valley includes the San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, California MSA (2013 OMB definition). San Francisco includes the San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, California MSA (2013 OMB definition). The AHS publishes information in the statistical reports on the physical adequacy of occupied housing units. Occupied units are classified as adequate, having moderate physical problems, or having severe physical problems. A unit is considered severely inadequate if any of the following criteria apply: 1) Unit does not have hot and cold running water; 2) Unit does not have a bathtub or shower; 3) Unit does not have a flush toilet; 4) Unit shares plumbing facilities; 5) Unit was cold for 24 hours or more and more than two breakdowns of the heating equipment have occurred that lasted longer than 6 hours; 6) Electricity is not used; 7) Unit has exposed wiring, not every room has working electrical plugs, and the fuses have blown more than twice; 8) Unit has five or six of the following structural conditions: a) Unit has had outside water leaks in the past 12 months; b) Unit has had inside water leaks in the past 12 months; c) Unit has holes in the floor; d) Unit has open cracks wider than a dime; e) Unit has an area of peeling paint larger than 8 by 11 inches; f) Rats have been seen recently in the unit. Cold units include those that were “Uncomfortably cold for 24 hours or more.” Water Leakage includes units with any leakage from inside or outside the unit. Water Stoppages include “Any stoppage in the last 3 months.” Non-Functioning Toilet includes “None working some time in last 3 months.”

Data is from the 2017 survey for Silicon Valley, and the 2019 survey for San Francisco and California.

Resources for Relevant Data and Reports (show)

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