Firms Without Employees in 2018

Silicon Valley222,877
San Francisco100,598
Alameda County150,445
United States26,485,532

Data Source:

United States Census Bureau, Nonemployer Statistics


Silicon Valley Institute for Regional Studies

Data for firms without employees are from the U.S. Census Bureau, which uses the term ‘nonemployers’. The Census defines nonemployers as a business that has no paid employees, has annual business receipts of $1,000 or more ($1 or more in the construction industries), and is subject to federal income taxes. Most nonemployers are self-employed individuals operating very small unincorporated businesses, which may or may not be the owner’s principal source of income. Silicon Valley data include Santa Clara and San Mateo Counties. The historical note on the tie between unemployment rates and nonemployer firms was based on information from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Career Outlook, Working in a Gig Economy (May 2016), and Robert Fairlie, The Great Recession and Entrepreneurship Public Policy Working Paper (Kauffman-RAND Institute for Entrepreneurship (January 2011).

This table does not have any footnotes.

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