Employment by Tier

Total Employment by Tier

Silicon Valley

Data includes average annual employment estimates as of the second quarter from the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, and includes the entire city-defined Silicon Valley region. Data for Q2 of 2021 was estimated at the industry level by BW Research using Q1 2021 QCEW data and updated based on Q2 2021 reported growth and totals, and modified slightly by EMSI, which removes suppressions and reorganizes public sector employment. Community Infrastructure & Services includes Healthcare & Social Services (including state and local government jobs); Retail; Accommodation & Food Services; Education (including state and local government jobs); Construction; Local Government Administration; Transportation; Banking & Financial Services; Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Personal Services; Federal Government Administration; Nonprofits; Insurance Services; State Government Administration; Warehousing & Storage; and Utilities (including state and local government jobs). Innovation and Information Products & Services includes Computer Hardware Design & Manufacturing; Semiconductors & related Equipment Manufacturing; Internet & Information Services; Technical Research & Development (Include Life Sciences); Software; Telecommunications Manufacturing & Services; Instrument Manufacturing (Navigation, Measuring & Electromedical); Pharmaceuticals (Life Sciences); Other Media & Broadcasting, including Publishing; Medical Devices (Life Sciences); Biotechnology (Life Sciences); and I.T. Repair Services. Business Infrastructure & Services includes Wholesale Trade; Personnel & Accounting Services; Administrative Services; Technical & Management Consulting Services; Facilities; Management Offices; Design, Architecture & Engineering Services; Goods Movement; Legal; Investment & Employer Insurance Services; and Marketing, Advertising & Public Relations. Other Manufacturing includes Primary & Fabricated Metal Manufacturing; Machinery & Related Equipment Manufacturing; Other Manufacturing; Transportation Manufacturing including Aerospace & Defense; Food & Beverage Manufacturing; Textiles, Apparel, Wood & Furniture Manufacturing; and Petroleum and Chemical Manufacturing (Not in Life Sciences). Occupational segmentation into tiers has been recently adopted by the California Employment Development Department (EDD), and implemented over the last several years by BW Research for regional occupational analysis. Occupational segmentation allows for the in-depth examination of the quality and quantity of jobs in a given economy. This occupational segmentation technique delineates the majority of occupations into one of three tiers. Tier 1 Occupations include managers (Chief Executives, Financial Managers, and Sales Managers), professional positions (Lawyers, Accountants, and Physicians) and highly-skilled technical occupations, such as Scientists, Computer Programmers, and Engineers, and are typically the highest-paying, highest-skilled occupations in the economy. Tier 2 Occupations include sales positions (Sales Representatives), teachers, and librarians, office and administrative positions (Accounting Clerks and Secretaries), and manufacturing, operations, and production positions (Assemblers, Electricians, and Machinists). They have historically provided the majority of employment opportunities and may be referred to as middle-wage, middle-skill positions. Tier 3 Occupations include protective services (Security Guards), food service and retail positions (Waiters, Cooks, and Cashiers), building and grounds cleaning positions (Janitors), and personal care positions (Home Health Aides and Child Care Workers).

Definitions of the major areas of economic activity, and of Tier 1 (high-skill/high-wage), Tier 2 (mid-skill/mid-wage), and Tier 3 (low-skill/low-wage) jobs are included in Appendix A.

Resources for Relevant Data and Reports (show)

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