SPECIAL REPORT

Silicon Valley Employment Trends Through 2016

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Table 2: Silicon Valley Industry Employment, Q2 2010, Q2 2016, and Q4 2016

2010 2016 Q2 – Q4 2016
Q2 Q2 Q4 Percent Change
TOTAL EMPLOYMENT 1,294,403 1,591,426 1,621,093 1.9%
Community Infrastructure & Services 657.067 784.930 796.381 1.5%
Healthcare & Social Services1 124.525 153.695 157.516 2.5%
Retail 122.858 134.244 134.996 0.6%
Accommodation & Food Services 99.577 129.020 130.992 1.5%
Education1 95.904 119.045 119.672 0.5%
Construction 49.174 74.702 76.414 2.3%
Local Govt. Administration2 43.968 45.433 46.539 2.4%
Transportation 32.209 38.465 39.221 2.0%
Banking & Financial Services 16.743 19.336 19.134 -1.0%
Arts, Entertainment & Recreation 17.954 18.256 18.988 4.0%
Personal Services 12.415 15.897 16.019 0.8%
Federal Govt. Administration 16.364 11.057 11.290 2.1%
Nonprofits 10.022 9.881 9.888 0.1%
Insurance Services 7.686 8.624 8.488 -1.6%
State Govt. Administration2 2.634 2.642 2.637 -0.2%
Warehousing & Storage 2.312 2.695 2.646 -1.8%
Utilities1 2.722 1.938 1.942 0.2%
Innovation and Information Products & Services 311.779 408.255 416.072 1.9%
Computer Hardware Design & Manufacturing 109.944 163.356 168.397 3.1%
Semiconductors & Related Equipment Manufacturing 47.659 46.501 45.658 -1.8%
Internet & Information Services 24.746 59.218 62.009 4.7%
Technical Research & Development (Includes Life Sciences) 33.039 36.215 37.290 3.0%
Software 21.938 29.263 29.460 0.7%
Telecommunications Manufacturing & Services 19.280 16.475 16.753 1.7%
Instrument Manufacturing (Navigation, Measuring & Electromedical) 18.708 18.187 17.862 -1.8%
Pharmaceuticals (Life Sciences) 12.712 13.520 13.541 0.2%
Other Media & Broadcasting, including Publishing 8.719 8.018 7.906 -1.4%
Medical Devices (Life Sciences) 6.316 7.057 6.846 -3.0%
Biotechnology (Life Sciences) 6.035 8.982 8.982 0.0%
I.T. Repair Services 2.683 1.463 1.369 -6.4%
Business Infrastructure & Services 218.946 258.905 266.722 3.0%
Wholesale trade 57.266 60.605 60.957 0.6%
Personnel & Accounting Services 34.145 32.667 34.117 4.4%
Administrative Services 20.016 30.291 31.429 3.8%
Facilities 23.603 27.147 28.426 4.7%
Technical & Management Consulting Services 19.965 22.259 23.611 6.1%
Management Offices 15.729 26.184 26.705 2.0%
Design, Architecture & Engineering Services 16.589 19.614 20.537 4.7%
Goods Movement 9.948 13.100 13.386 2.2%
Legal 9.770 10.979 11.242 2.4%
Investment & Employer Insurance Services 9.408 12.783 12.922 1.1%
Marketing, Advertising & Public Relations 2.507 3.276 3.389 3.4%
Other Manufacturing 58.131 57.954 57.313 -1.1%
Primary & Fabricated Metal Manufacturing 14.471 14.827 14.311 -3.5%
Machinery & Related Equipment Manufacturing 10.961 13.142 13.269 1.0%
Other Manufacturing 8.794 10.378 10.166 -2.0%
Transportation Manufacturing including Aerospace & Defense 11.551 8.112 8.233 1.5%
Food & Beverage Manufacturing 8.495 7.883 7.777 -1.3%
Textiles, Apparel, Wood & Furniture Manufacturing 2.907 3.233 3.189 -1.4%
Petroleum and Chemical Manufacturing (Not in Life Sciences) 952 379 369 -2.7%
Other 48.480 81.382 84.605 4.0%

Footnotes

1. Includes government jobs (state and local)

2. Excludes government jobs in Healthcare & Social Services, Education, and Utilities

Median Wages by Tier data are based on Occupational Employment Statistics from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) and modified slightly by JobsEQ county-level earnings by industry. 2017 data are estimates based on QCEW 2017 Q1 data. Occupational segmentation into Tiers has been recently adopted by the California Employment Development Department (EDD), and implemented over the last several years by BW Research for regional occupational analysis. Occupational segmentation allows for the in-depth examination of the quality and quantity of jobs in a given economy. This occupational segmentation technique delineates the majority of occupations into one of three Tiers. Tier 1 Occupations include managers (Chief Executives, Financial Managers, and Sales Managers), professional positions (Lawyers, Accountants, and Physicians) and highly-skilled technical occupations, such as Scientists, Computer Programmers, and Engineers, and are typically the highest-paying, highest-skilled occupations in the economy. Tier 2 Occupations include sales positions (Sales Representatives), teachers, and librarians, office and administrative positions (Accounting Clerks and Secretaries), and manufacturing, operations, and production positions (Assemblers, Electricians, and Machinists). They have historically provided the majority of employment opportunities and may be referred to as middle-wage, middle-skill positions. Tier 3 Occupations include protective services (Security Guards), food service and retail positions (Waiters, Cooks, and Cashiers), building and grounds cleaning positions (Janitors), and personal care positions (Home Health Aides and Child Care Workers). These occupations typically represent lower-skilled service positions with lower wages that require little formal training and/or education.

Definitions of Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3 jobs are included in Appendix A.

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